Maltese Cross
Date used: 1914 to 1918

Where fitted: Fitted on either side of the fuselage, the wings and also the tail fin. On dark surfaces the insignia was bordered with a thin white stripe.
Fokker DR1 Driedeker (Duxford 2009) Fokker DR1 Driedeker (Duxford 2009)


Balkan Cross
Date used: 1918

Where fitted: Fitted on either side of the fuselage, the wings and also the tail fin. On dark surfaces the insignia was bordered with a thin white stripe.
Luftverkehrsgesellschaft LVG (Old Warden) Luftverkehrsgesellschaft LVG (Old Warden) Junkers CL1 (Cosford 2010) Junkers CL1 (Cosford 2010)


Swastika/ Red Background
Date used: 1933 to 1935

Where fitted: Fitted centrally on the tail surface. (No other markings)
Focke-Wulf Fw 44 Focke-Wulf Fw 44


Balkan Cross
Date used: 1936 to 1945

Where fitted: Fitted to the upper and lower wing surfaces and also the fuselage prior to 1940. Generally used for upper wing surfaces only after 1940.
Messerschmitt 108 (Old Warden 2008) Messerschmitt 108 (Old Warden 2008)


Balkan Cross
Date used: 1940 to 1945

Where fitted: Fitted to both sides of the fuselage and lower wing surface, generally replacing the narrower white band of the previous Balkan Cross insignia.
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 (Duxford 2009) Messerschmitt 108 (Kemble 2010) Messerschmitt Bf109 (Duxford 2010)


Swastika
Date used: 1933 to 1945

Where fitted: Fitted close to the leading edge of the tail surface.
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 (Duxford 2009) Messerschmitt 163 (Duxford 1996)


Date used: 1955 to present

Where fitted: After unification, the West German markings have continued as the insignia for the German Air Force, since 1990.




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