Folland Gnat          Hawker Harrier


The Royal Air Force required a replacement for the Folland Gnat as an advanced trainer aircraft and originally the Sepecat Jaguar was intended for this role.

However, the Jaguar proved to be too complex an aircraft as a fast jet trainer and only a handful were ever produced for this role.

Hawker Siddeley Aviation began developing a simpler aircraft to fill this role and led by Ralph Hooper the HS.1182 was designed.

The Royal Air force placed a contract for the HS.1182 for 175 aircraft in March 1972 and work began developing the aircraft.

The HS.1182, now renamed 'Hawk', first flew on the 21st of August 1974. It was a tandem two-seat aircraft powered by a non-augmented turbofan engine. The wing was a low-positioned cantilever allowing a wide angle landing gear track.

The wing was designed for low-speed performance by fitting double slotted trailing edge flaps and also had spoilers rather than ailerons for control of roll.

The fuselage was designed to give both the trainer and the trainee good visibility by having the front cockpit lower than the rear cockpit. Each cockpit was fitted with a Martin-Baker Mk 10B ejector seat.

The wing has a built in 184 gallon fuel tank and the centre fuselage has a 181 gallon flexible fuel tank.

The Hawk was powered by a Rolls Royce Turbomeca Adour turbofan engine with the two air intakes above the forward wing roots.

The Hawk was designed to withstand +9g and reach the speed of Mach 0.88 in level flight and Mach 1.15 in a dive. This enabled trainee pilots to experience transonic flight prior to flying supersonic.

Specifications (Hawk T2): -
Crew:1 or 2
Length:40ft 9in (12.43m)
Wingspan:32ft 7in (9.94m)
Height:13ft 1in (3.98m)
Empty Weight:9,880lb (4480kg)
Max. Weight:20,000lb (9100kg)
Engine:RR Adour Mk. 951
producing 6,500 lbf.
Max. Speed:638 mph (1028km/h)
Range:1565 miles (2520 km)
Armament: -
Cannon:30mm ADEN
Hardpoints:2 x underwing pylons
Variants: -

Hawk T1 Original Hawk trainer used by the RAF, 176 built for UK.

Hawk T1A Modified T1 intended to replace the Hawker Hunter, 89 converted.

Hawk 50 Original export trainer version, 89 built.

Hawk 60 Modified export version of the Hawk 50.

Hawk 100 Advance weapons trainer.

Hawk 120 Lead-in fighter trainer for the South African Air Force.

Hawk 127 Lead-in fighter for the Royal Australian Air Force.

Hawk T2 Advanced Jet Trainer for the RAF and RN.

Hawk 132 Variant for the Indian Air Force.

Hawk 200 Single-seat multi-role combat fighter.

T-45 Goshawk Carrier training aircraft for the United States Navy.

Folland Gnat          Hawker Harrier
Hawk T1
©Nigel Key Hawk T1 (Kemble 2009)

British Aerospace Hawk T.1 Trainer c/n 312081/081, registraion XX245, photographed at the Cotswold Airshow 2009.

The BAE Systems Hawk is a single engine jet aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other air forces throughout the World as a trainer or low-cost combat aircraft.

The Hawk is famously used by the RAF display team 'Red Arrows'.
View Red Arrows Gallery.
Photographs © Nigel Key, Click thumbnail to enlarge.
Hawk T1 (Kemble 2011) Hawk T1 (Kemble 2011) Hawk T1 (Kemble 2011)
Kemble 2011
Kemble 2011
Kemble 2011
Hawk T1 (Kemble 2009) Hawk T1 (Kemble 2009) Hawk T1 (Kemble 2009)
Kemble 2009
Kemble 2009
Kemble 2009
Hawk T1 (Kemble 2008) Hawk T1 (Kemble 2008) Hawk T1 (Kemble 2008)
Kemble 2008
Kemble 2008
Kemble 2008

Related Links: -

Red Arrows (

Red Arrows Gallery (

Cotswold Airshow (

Airshow Calendar (