The Vampire was designed by de Havilland as a fighter around the use of a single H.1 jet engine, known as the Goblin.
The initial design, the DH.99, was an all metal double boom aircraft which kept the jet pipe as short as possible resulting in less power loss than a conventional fuselage.
The prototype DH.99 was altered from an all metal construction to a mixture of wood and metal and renamed DH.100.
The Chief test pilot of de Havilland, Geoffrey de Havilland Jr, flew the prototype 'LZ548/G' on the 29th of Septemebr 1943.
The production version of the aircraft the Vampire Mk.I flew in April of 1945 but was still being developed and consequently did not see action during WWII.
The early Goblin engines gave a limited range which was a common problem with all early jets. As later engine designs advanced the fuel capacity and performance of the Vampire greatly improved.
As a private venture de Havilland produced a night fighter, designated DH.113. It incorpotrated a two-seater cockpit which was closely based on the Mosquito night fighter and had a lengthened nose to house the Al Mk.X radar.
The RAF placed an order for the DH.113 as a replacement for the Mosquito and as an interim aircraft before the introduction of the Meteor night fighter.
The Vampire DH.113 was converted to a jet trainer by removing the radar and fitting dual controls.
A total of 3,268 Vampires were manufactured in 15 different versions including a carrier based aircraft known as the Sea Vampire.
|Specifications (T 11 Trainer): -|
|Crew:||1 or 2 (side-by-side)|
|Length:||34ft 6.5in (10.51m)|
|Wingspan:||38ft 0in (11.59m)|
|Height:||6ft 2in (1.88m)|
|Empty Weight:||7,380lb (3347kg)|
|Max. Weight:||11,150lb (5060kg)|
producing 3500 lb st.
|Max. Speed:||538 mph (866 km/h)|
|Range:||853 miles (1370 km)|
|Cannon:||4 x 20mm Hispano Mk.V|
|Rockets:||8 x 60lb Rockets|
|Bombs:||2 x 500lb|
Prototype, 3 built.
Single-seat fighter RAF version, 244 built.
Protoype with RR Nene engine, 3 built.
Single-seat fighter RAF version, 202 built.
Single-seat fighter-bomber powered by Goblin 2, 1018 built.
Single-seat fighter-bomber powered by Goblin 3, 178 built.
Fitted with Ghost engine, 1 built.
Tropicalised fighter-bomber, 178 built.
2-seater powered by Goblin, 2 built.
2-seater night fighter, 95 built.
Sea Vampire Mk.10
Prototype for deck trials, 1 modified.
Prototype 2-seat trainer, 1 built.
2-seat trainer for RAF, 731 built.
Sea Vampire F.20
Naval version of FB.5, 18 built.
Sea Vampire Mk.21
Strenghtened belly and arrester hook, 6 converted.
Sea Vampire T.22
2-seat trainer for RN, 73 built.
Export marks not considered.
Vampire 'WZ507' is owned by a privately funded small group of dedicated enthusiasts and is displayed at airshows around the UK, as shown above at the Cotswold Airshow, Kemble 2010.
To book 'WZ507' for either static or flying display contact the 'Vampire Preservation Group' for further details.